skip to main content skip to footer



Joint Tray Processing

Rapport Connection

Existential Sand Therapy

Presence in Sand Therapy

Symbols in Sand Therapy 

Projection & Symbol Relevance

  • Adams, K. (1999). The power of sandplay. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 13, 89-100.

  • Amatruda, K. & Helm Simpson, P. (1997). Sandplay, the sacred healing: A guide to symbolic process. Taos, NM: Trance Sand Dance Press.

  • Ammann, R. (1991). Healing and transformation in Sandplay: Creative processes become visible. LaSalle, IL: Open Court.

  • Boik, B. L. & Goodwin. E. A. (2000). Sandplay Therapy: A step-by-step manual for psychotherapists of diverse orientations. New York: Norton and Company.

  • Bradway, K. (1997). Sandplay: Silent workshop of the psyche. New York: Routledge.

  • Bradway, K. (1991). Transference and countertransference in sandplay therapy. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 1, 25-43.

  • Bradway, K. & McCord, B. (1999). Sandplay and active imagination. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 13, 9-12.

  • C.G. Jung Institute of San Fransciso. (1981). Sandplay studies: Origin, theory and practice.  San Francisco, CA: Author.

  • Castellana, F. & Donfrancesco, A. (2005). Sandplay in Jungian analysis: Matter and  symbolic integration. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 50, 367-382

  • Cunningham, L. (1997). The therapist’s use of self in sandplay: Participation mystique and projective identification. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 5, 121-135.

  • Griffith Clegg, H. (1984). The reparative motif.  New York:  Jason Aronson.

  • Jackson, B. (1991). Before reaching for the symbols dictionary. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 1, 55-60.

  • Kalff, D. M. (1980). Sandplay: A psychotherapeutic approach to the psyche. Boston: Sigo Press.

  • Klaff,  M. (1993). Twenty points to be considered in the interpretation of a sandplay. Journal of   Sandplay therapy. 2, 17-35.

  • Mitchell, R. R. & Friedman, H. S. (1994). Sandplay: Past, present and future. New York: Routledge.

  • Preston-Dillon, D. (May, 1999). Culturally enhanced interpretations of Jungian sand scenes for multicultural participants: Native American and Native Hawaiian perspective.  Unpublished Dissertation. San Francisco: Saybrook Graduate School.

  • Reece, S. T. (2004). The crucial moment in sandplay relationship: The therapist’s emotive experiences. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 13, 131-146.

  • Rowe, N. M. (2007). Sand, water, silence-the embodiment of spirit: Explorations in body and psyche. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 39, 105-106.

  • Ryce-Menuhin, J. (1992). Jungian sandplay: The wonderful therapy. New York: Routledge.

  • Signel, K. A. (1999). Silence and sandplay. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 5,  69-87.

  • Steinhardt, L. (2000). Foundation and form in Jungian Sandplay. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

  • Turner, B. A. (2005). The handbook of Sandplay Therapy. Cloverdale, CA US: Temenos Press.

  • Turner, B. A. (1993). Symbolic process and the role of the therapist in sandplay. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 3, 85-95.

  • Weinrib, E.L. (1983). Images of the self.  Boston: Sego Press.

  • Chodorow, J. (Ed.) (1997). Encountering Jung: On active imagination. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • Holmes, D. S., & Houston, B. K. (1971). The defensive function of projection. Journal of   Personality and Social Psychology, 20(2), 208-213.

  • Hubback, J. (1984). Amplification: Reflections and queries. The Journal of Analytical Psychology, 29(2), 135-138. 

  • Jacobs, L. (2012). Critiquing projection: Supporting dialogue in a post-cartesian world. In T. B. Levine (Ed.), (pp. 59-69). New York, NY, US: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

  • Moore, N. (1986). Amplification, transference analysis and the analyst's inner process. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 31(2), 113.

  • Smith, E. W. L. (2006). Projection in depth. International Gestalt Journal, 29(1), 101-128.

  • Smith, E. (1997). Private selves and shared meanings: Or forgive us our projections as we forgive those who project into us. Psychodynamic Counselling, 3(2), 117-131.

  • Von Franz, M-L.  (1970). An introduction to the interpretation of fairy tales. Dallas: Spring Publications.

  • Von Franz, M-L.  (1972). The feminine in fairytales. Dallas: Spring Publications.

  • Von Franz, M-L.  (1974). Shadow and evil in fairy tales. Dallas: Spring Publications.

  • Von Franz, M-L.  (1977). Individuation in fairy tales. Dallas: Spring Publications.

  • Harriott, L. & Heyward, B. (1999). Intertwining the present with the past for the future. Gecko: A journal of deconstruction and narrative ideas in therapeutic practice, 3, 3-16.   Retrieved from

  • McNamee, S. & Gergen, K. J. (Eds.). (1992). Therapy as social construction. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

  • Ricks, L., Kitchens, S., Goodrich, T., & Hancock, E. (2014). My story: The use of narrative therapy in individual and group counseling. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 9(1), 99-110.

  • Russell, S. & Carey M. (2004). Externalising – commonly asked questions. Narrative therapy: Responding to your questions (ch.1), 1-17. Dulwich Centre Publications.

  • Schaefer, C., McCormick, J., & Ohnogi, A. (2005). Narrative Play Therapy: A collaborative   approach. In J. Aronson (Ed.), International handbook of play therapy: Advances in assessment, theory, research, and practice (pp. 23-34). Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson.

  • Tomkins, S. (1998). Deserving the best: Challenging rules in therapy. Gecko: A journal of deconstruction and narrative ideas in therapeutic practice, 3, 40-48. Retrieved  from

  • White, M. (1999). Re-engaging with history: The absent but implicit. Reflections on Narrative Practices: Interviews and Essays, 35-58. Adelaide: Dulwich Centre Publications 2000. Retrieved from

  • Wingard, B. & Lester, J. (2001). Telling our stories in ways that make us stronger. Dulwich Centre Publications. Retrieved from

  • Amundson, N. (1988). The use of metaphor and drawings in case conceptualization. Journal of   Counseling & Development, 66(8), 391-393.

  • Bruner, J. (1990). Acts of meaning. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

  • Burns, George W. (2001). 101 healing stories: Using metaphors in therapy. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

  • Campbell, J. (1949). The hero with a thousand faces. Bollingen Series XVII. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • Campbell, J. (1990). Transformation of myth through time. New York, NY: Harper and Row   Publishers.

  • Gordon, D. C. (1978). Therapeutic metaphors: Helping others through the looking glass. Cupertino, Calif: Meta Publications.

  • Keeney, B. (1983). Aesthetics of change. New York: Guilford Press.

  • Kemp, R. (2006).  Metaphorical interpretations: A critical examination. Psychodynamic Practice, 12 (3), 293-305.

  • Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • Mills, J. C.  & Crowley, R. J. (1986). Therapeutic metaphors for children and the child within. New York: Routledge.

  • Percy, I. (2008). Awareness and authoring: The idea of self in mindfulness and narrative therapy. European Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling, 10(4), pp. 355–367.

  • Romanyshyn, R. D. (1982). Psychological life: From science to metaphor. Austin: University Texas Press.

  • Dundes A. (Ed.) (1984). Sacred narrative: Readings in the theory of myth. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • White, M., & Epston, D. (1990). Narrative means to therapeutic ends. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

  • Andrews, T. (1996). Animal speak: The spiritual & magical powers of creatures great and small. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications.

  • Biedermann, H. (1989). Dictionary of symbolism, cultural icons and the meanings behind them. (Hulbert, J., Trans.). New York: Meridian.

  • Chevalier, J., & Gheerbrant, A. (1996). Dictionary of symbols (J. Buchanon-Brown, Trans.). Penguin.

  • Cirlot, J. E. (1971). A dictionary of symbols (2nd ed.) (J. Sage, Trans.). New York: Philosophical Library.

  • Elder, G. (1996). The body: An encyclopedia of archetypal symbolism. Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications.

  • Ferber, M. (1999). A dictionary of literary symbols. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • Fontana, D. (2003). The secret language of symbols: A visual key to symbols and their meanings. San Francisco: Chronicle Books.

  • Jobes, G. (1962). Dictionary of mythology, folklore and symbols. New York: The Scarecrow Press.

  • Lake-Thom, B. (1997). Spirits of the earth: A guide to Native American nature symbols, stories, and ceremonies. New York: Plume.

  • Matthews, B. (Trans.). The Herder symbol dictionary. Wilmette, IL: Chiron Publications.

  • Phillips, Sara. (2002). Dream symbols. Philadelphia, PA: Courage Books.

  • Rinpoche, D. (1996). Buddhist symbols in Tibetan culture: An investigation of the nine best-known groups of symbols. (Walshe, M., Trans.).   Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications.

  • Shepherd, R. & Shepherd, R. (2002). 1000 symbols: What shapes mean in art and myth. New York: Thames & Hudson.

  • Tresidder, J. (Ed.). (2005). The complete dictionary of symbols. San Francisco: Chronicle Books.

  • Walker, B. (Ed.) (1988). The women’s dictionary of symbols and sacred objects. San Francisco: Harper Collins.